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React Native vs. Flutter: Which Is Best for Your New App?

These days, customers expect an app for your service. It needs to give them full access to your services while being easy to use. There’s more ways to build apps than ever before, but Flutter and React Native are becoming the big names in app development. Which one should you use?

What Are React Native and Flutter?

Before we get into anything, you need to know what both of these services are. React Native is a framework that has been developed by Facebook. It’s a JS cross-platform framework that allows you to use both React and JavaScript together in your programming, making it very flexible. 

Flutter, on the other hand, is a framework designed by Google. As an open source framework, it can be used across a number of platforms, as well as be incorporated into web pages.

How Both Platforms Work

Now that you know the basics, you need to compare the two frameworks. How do they compare against each other, and how do you make them work for you?

Programming Language

React Native uses the widespread JavaScript language, while Flutter uses Dart instead. While Javascript is well known, Dart isn’t as well known in the programming industry.

Jason Ridgewell, a tech writer at PhDKingdom and Next Coursework, says:

“Dart is an interesting language, as it’s a little faster to run and the syntax is great. However, it’s not as easy to learn as JavaScript, which is why it has become more popular with programmers.”

Architecture

The architecture of a framework will affect how quick and simple it is to use. React Native it uses the Facebook Flux architecture, which requires a JavaScript bridge. It makes it a little slower than other options, which some developers will find inconvenient.

The Flutter framework, on the other hand, uses Skia and the Dart language VM in a platform-specific shell. Because of this, it can compile the source code ahead of time, making working with it a lot quicker. In this aspect, Flutter is the clear winner.

Framework Installation

How easy and quick is it to install these frameworks? Flutter is the platform that loses out here. You’ll need to install the binary for the platform you need from GitHub. It takes a longer time to do, especially if you use macOS as there’s additional steps. Being trickier, it’s not ideal.

React Native wins here, as the installation process is much simpler. If you’re already proficient in JavaScript then you’ll find it simple to navigate the installation process.

Ease of Use 

Once you’re in and using the framework, what will the UI offer you? You’ll see that many products use Flutter, as it allows for a lot more customization. As they have their own widgets, they’ve designed them to work with both Material Design for Google and Cupertino for Apple.

When it comes to React Native, it’s not so simple. As blogger Chantelle Williams from Origin Writing and Brit Student says:

“Here, the platform uses a mix of different components, so it makes the code flow a little less seamlessly. However, some programmers do appreciate the flexibility this provides.”

QA Testing Features

React Native doesn’t have a lot of testing features on its own, but you can use third-party tools like Jest and Detox if you need more.

Flutter, on the other hand, has a lot of built-in QA features that you can put to good use. Many prefer Flutter, as you can test components individually and get a better feel for your build.

The Future of These Frameworks

Are these frameworks going to be future-proof? Both of them do receive regular updates, which help them stay up-to-date. Flutter has been updated with Dart 2.7, beta web support, and more. React Native, on the other hand, has been updated with Fast Refresh and added Windows Dimension Hook, amongst other things. They’re both going to be relevant for a long time to come.

The Results

As with most tech, you’ll need to decide which framework works best for you. Flutter needs a little more know-how, but it’s got a lot of integrated features that are easy to use. React Native uses JavaScript, making it very accessible, and its installation is simpler. Pick the one that works with your needs, and get building your app today.

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