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Choosing the Best Technology Stack for Web Application Development

The market demand for web applications is rapidly increasing. It is important to consider several factors when building these platforms. Perhaps most important for web application development is choosing the right technology stack.

The technologies users choose to use will affect both the quality and performance of the created software. Many tools and frameworks have been introduced in the market, and each provides different boosts to the productivity and performance of these developed applications.

What Is a Technology Stack?

The technology stack is the combination of all the technologies used to develop a solution. It consists of the tools, databases, frameworks, and programming languages that make up the final product. It is divided into two main components:

  • Front-end (client-side)
  • Back-end (server-side)

Front-End Development

Front End is also known as client-side. These are the components through which users interact and the features that are visible on the website:


Hypertext Markup Language, more commonly referred to as HTML, is the standard markup and programming language displayed in the web browser. It is the primary building block of any web application. This technology defines the meaning and structure of web content. 


CSS, or cascading style sheet, allows users to modify the style and appearance of the HTML components in a browser. It is beneficial to use different colors, sizes, and fonts on a web page to increase the variety and improve the user experience. 


JavaScript, often abbreviated as JS, is used to develop dynamic and interactive web pages. It allows developers to integrate simple and complex web animations. This is considered a high-level programming language, and it supports multi-paradigm and just-in-time compilation. JS features prototype-based object-orientation, dynamic typing, curly-bracket syntax, and first-class functions.

Other front-end frameworks worth considering are Ruby on Rails, ASP.NET, and Vue.JS. 

Back-End Development 

Back-end development refers to server-side programming. It provides unseen support to all the front-end functionalities and helps build communication between user actions and different internal features. Back-end development includes programming languages, databases, and servers.

Programming Languages


PHP is a general-purpose scripting language. It is a widely used language that offers fast, flexible, and pragmatic attributes. This platform helps manage session-tracking, database management, and dynamic content that helps guide e-commerce websites. 

This programming language is based on several attributes such as open-source, case sensitive, and simple. PHP is integrated with HTML, XML, and Javascript.


Python is known as a high-level programming language. It was designed to emphasize code readability, and due to its code reusability and functionality, most developers prefer to opt for this Python programming language. This technology is used for multiple development processes that include web, application, software, and desktop development.

Python offers easy coding, GUI Programming Support, and is based on open-source attributes. 

There are many more programming languages such as Scala and Ruby. Developers can choose the right one according to their project requirements.


Frameworks simplify the development process and boost developer productivity. Below is a list of popular frameworks supporting back-end development: 

  • Ruby on Rails
  • Laravel
  • CakePHP
  • CodeIgniter
  • Symfony
  • NodeJS
  • MeteorJS
  • VueJS


Databases collect and keep data in an organized and structured manner. In the web application development process, the database is divided into relational and non-relational formats. 


  • Microsoft SQL Server
  • Oracle Database
  • MySQL
  • IBM DB2


  • MongoDB
  • DocumentDB
  • Cassandra
  • Coachbase
  • HBase
  • Redis


In order to launch any software to market, it is important to select the proper technology stack. Developers should consider project size, delivery time, third-party integrations, and target audiences in the software development process.

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